Having received several
enquiries regarding the dates of Sriman Mahaprabhu's sannyasa-lila and
His subsequent breaking fast at the house of Advaita Acharyya, Sripad
Bhakti Prapanna Tirtha Maharaj researched the answer.
The conclusion is
that the *actual* date of sannyasa is not recorded. But we are following
Srila Guru Maharaj's way to maintain strict austerity for three days.
It is not in our panjika (Vaishnava Calendar) or anywhere that we make
a festival corresponding with the day Mahaprabhu broke His fast at the
house of Advaita Acharyya.
There is some difference
in the Scriptures between the descriptions in the Sri Chaitanya Bhagavat
and Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita. However it is understood that Nimai
left on the day of Sankranti during the brahma-muhurta. He walked throughout
the day and reached Katwa. He spent that night chanting and dancing
with devotees. No date is mentioned in Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita, but
on the following day the month of Magh starts, so it is considered Nimai
took sannyasa that day (corresponding to 15th January this year, 2003).
After that Srila Guru Maharaj considered Mahaprabhu didn't take any
Prasadam for another three days.
Sripad Tirtha Maharaj
consulted with Sripad Damodar Maharaj, and others. Damodar Maharaj in
turn asked Srila Govinda Maharaj because he expressed his wish to make
a festival in our Kaikhali Temple. However Srila Govinda Maharaj didn't
specifically approve the date or the festival. Instead he pointed out
that in Srila Guru Maharaj's time, Srila Guru Maharaj reflected the
sadness in separation of the devotees of Nabadwip for three days with
no breakfast and only one preparation at noon and evening. He did not
make a particular festival for the day Mahaprabhu broke fast at Advaita
In Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita
is mentioned that after three days He came to Shanitpur and Sachi Mata
cooked. In the Sri Chaitanya Bhagavat it says he stayed the night in
Katwa then he left. So it is not clear which calculation is to be used.
Also, in Sri Chaitanya Bhagavat, 'dvadas upavas' is mentioned, that
after twelve days the Lord took Prasadam -- again without a date. In
his commentary Srila Saraswati Thakur mentions this fast of 12 days
by the Lord.
We express our appreciation
to Sripad Tirtha Maharaj for his assistance with the answer to this enquiry,
as well as to Sripad Bhakti Sudhir Goswami Maharaj who checked this response.